Adrian Bradley, email email@example.com
-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-* RRRRRRRRRR "Nourished by anger, revolutions are born of hope. They are RR RRRR the offspring of belief and bitterness, of faith in the RR RRRR attainment of one's goals and indignation at the limited RR RRRR rate and extenet of change. Rarely in history are RRRRRRRR EVOLUTION the two stirrings confluent in a sufficent force RR RRRR ~~~~~~~~~ to generate an effective, radical social movement." RR RRR -Harvard Sitkoff, Struggle for Black Equality. RR RR RR RR Written by: Jay Jenkins 1/5/95 firstname.lastname@example.org IRC-#blaklife, Damaja All props to my peoples down with the politics of revolution! -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-* %/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/ %/% DISCLAIMER /%/ %/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/%/ First of all I would like to add a small disclaimer. The thoughts and ideas reflected in this text, represent my own and none others. Many of my views may seem radical and extreme to some readers. Some of my views may even be seen as predjudical and unnerving. If you feel that the opinions expressed herein would offend you, then by all means stop reading. This article is geared to those Brothers and Sisters who are consciously aware of the situations facing the Black Community here in AmeriKKKa. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- I would first like you to clear your mind and take a trip through the history of AmeriKKKa. Throw out everything you have ever learned and imagine that everything white is black, and everything black is white. Now look around and observe your power and strength. Not only are you in control of great military and police forces, but your economic power equals few in a global setting. Everything around you is Black! In the most afluent neighborhoods, your children receive the finest in education and fine arts. Your connections reach to every corner in this nation. There is an unwritten code that if you are Black, you will follow in the footsteps of your four fathers of success. You turn on the televison and radio and see/hear images of positivity and grace. You sit in your place of worship, and worship a God in your own image. An image your ancestors successfully used to consolidate your power throughout history. Of course you do not think of this consciously, why should you? Africa and all its nations are prosperous. Through generations of occupation and destruction, Europe for the most part is considered a "third world" country. You really know little about Europe, other than your people captured and enslaved whites to work here in America. Although times have changed, you value the vast power you look at everyday. How could you give this up? It seems ridiculous that you would even think about sharing this power and wealth with anyone who was not Black. However something does not sit right. The whites are contining pressing for more rights. They think they own this damn country, and if it wasn't for certain laws you would see to it that they didn't get anything. If it weren't for your exclusive establishments you would feel that thorn even more. But you have one thing on your side, power. With that power you can control the flow of information and communication. If they get out of hand, you have powerful police and military forces to quickly subdue any radical attempts to make a change......BACK 2 REALITY Unfortunatly, this is not reality. For a moment I tried to place my mind in a superior complex of thinking. I touched barely on the whole scheme of things. I tried to place my mind, in a white mans mind to see how they think. Now of course not all whites think in that type of mentality, but ask yourself if actions represent an internal feeling of superiority. I cannot put myself in their mentality, but what they think is expressed through their actions. And if the United States actions represent the feelings of the majority, then it is obvious what they think about Black Americans. It has not been that long, since this government even recognized us as citizens - Do not forget this. They were willing to send us to war and die, but not give us the respect of a man or woman. Muhammad Ali best put it in the 60's when he refused to be drafted in the Vietnam War, "A Viet Cong never called me a nigger." When deceit no longer worked in subduing SOME of our minds and feelings, a great revolution took place in this country in the 60s. Often whitewashed and called the "Civil Rights Movement", it was in fact a Revolution. Did not a radical change take place in this country? So why don't we call it that? Why doesn't the history books reveal that what took place then, changed America dramatically. I have had many discussions with whites regarding civil rights in this country. The typical response to questions I ask about racism is, "Well it's better than it was..." or "I don't think there is much racism, everyone has a fair chance." These are typical responses to those who choose to keep their minds locked in a programmed American agenda. Don't be fooled either, there are some of us that think this way too - believe it or not. There is NO middle ground, either you are free and have the freedom of choice or you don't. Are we as Black Americans really free? Do we have the freedom of choice to really attain success in a racist system? Did the Revolutionary movement that took place in the 60's die? Where is the Black leadership that forged and reshaped this country then? I am asking you these questions because I want you to provoke your own thoughts. This country has failed in all it's attempts to address the racial conflict within. It only put a white sheet over it, and brushed all the issues underneath it. While giving a facade of a "melting pot", while everyday that melting pot is turning into a "boiling pot". It will only be a matter of time before all hell goes loose. Statistics show that by the year 2000, white Americans will be a minority. What is going to happen then? The same thing that happened in South Africa. A Minority holding much of the power, and not allowing others to have the means of success. We have our Sowethos and Black townships - they are called ghettos. We have police with guns and dogs to maintain peace in the ghettos. Whats the saying the cops use, "To Serve, Protect, and break a Niggers Neck." The Ghetto Gustapo is alive and well in 1994. Events like the Rodney King beating go on everyday, but we never hear about that. If that shit was happening to whites, you know it would be on the news every night. There has and always will be a double standard when it comes to law and law enforcement regarding Blacks. You know as well as I know that the jails are filled with brothers and sisters locked down. The media trys to reinforce stereotypical demigraphs of who commits crimes. We as a people only represent some 15% of the total population, and they want you and me to believe that we are committing most of the crime? There is no such thing as equal justice in this country. They will sentence a Black man 25 yrs to life for robbing a convient store, and on the other hand send some white collar criminal who stole millions from peoples life savings to some country club jail for 5-10yrs. Thats just one small example of "blind" justice here. It's 1995, and what really has changed? The White man is still up to his devilish and deceitful tricks. Many of our communities are infested with drugs and gangs. Equal and fair education does not exist. Economically, we are being exploited by whites and others who have no love for the community and its betterment. Black on Black crime is on a rise, who benefits - Us of them? Teen pregnancy is up, who benefits - Us or them? It may sound like that I am only blaming the government and whitey for our problems. But the problem cannot be totally blamed on them. You see they only provide the evil means for our own downfall, and sit back and watch. At the same time, they remove any positive means of upliftment. And here is where we create our own extinction, by falling into their traps and genocidal plans. In desperate times, people take desperate measures to survive. Our strength is in our numbers! We need more Unity to consolidate our power, and TAKE whats rightfully ours. We always here about the "Jewish Holocaust", six million Jews persecuted at the hands of Hitler. What about the "Black Holocaust ?" "One Hundred Million Africans were uprooted from the African continent. Where are they today? One Hundred million Africans were uprooted, 100 million Africans, according to the book Anti-Slavery, by Professor Dwight Lowell Dumond. At the end of slavery you didn't have 25 million Africans in the Western Hemisphere. What happened to those 75 million? Their bodies are at the bottom of the ocean, or their blood and their bones have fertilized the soul of this country" -Excerpt taken from a Malcom X speech. You see this is what they think about us. They will RECOGNIZE the systamatic deletion of the Jew in Europe during WW][, but for me and you our ancestors were a piss in the bucket. We will be one step closer to achieving a total revolution when we realize that they don't give a fuck about us - and that we need to stick together and support each other. Why should we have to play the game by their rules? They never played it by ours, how much longer will we let the "okie dokie" mentality ride? Solutions! Solutions! You are probably thinking, I have heard all of this before. If you want answers, look to yourself. You have to forget everything they have brainwashed and installed in your mind. Attain knowledge of self and do something with it. Pass it on to another sister or brother, even if you don't know them. Without Unity, and as long as we have tension within our own ranks, we will never win. It boils down to Us and Them. Why point the gats and guns at ourselves, check who the real enemy is and take aim. Once you have attained a revolutionary mindset for change, your actions will come naturally. Sometimes Violence is necessary. The ONLY reason why the non-violent movement worked in the 60's and with Gandhi, is because a large majority of people sympathized with the movement when they saw women and children being sprayed with hoses and bitten by dogs. But when Revolutionary Groups such as the Black Panthers armed themselves and said look, you ain't gonna do that shit to us, they felt fear. When brothers like Malcom X spoke out, they felt fear. When Angela Davis stood up, they felt fear. When Nat Turner and his followers rebelled, they definitly felt fear. When Farrakhan speaks, they feel fear. They Fear anything that has to do with radical change, a change that directly affects their power. Nothing, let me repeat, NOTHING has ever been given to us. Everything we have attained in this country was through blood, sweat, and tears. So If you Black Man, Black Woman are waiting for something to be handed down to you - then you will be waiting for a long time. Stand up for your rights as a human, in an inhumane society and TAKE WHATS RIGHTFULLY YOURS. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- | Any responses, opinions, rags, whatever can be directly emailed to me at | | email@example.com. Feel Free to spread this around, all I ask is that the | | contents within be left alone. | ----------------------------------------------------------------------------(NOTE from the editor: As per the author's wish, no modifying was done to this article. It was simply printed as is. To read part II of this article now, click here.)
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_) XXXXXXXXXX XX XXXX "The ideas which can and will sustain our movement XX XXXX for total freedom and dignity of the people cannot XX XXXX be imprisoned, for they are to be found in the XXXXXXXX EVOLUTION PART 2 people. As long as the people live by the ideas XX XXXX ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ of freedom and dignity, there will be no prison XX XXX which can hold the movement down." XX XX -HUEY P NEWTON, BLACK PANTHER XX xXXXx Written by: Jay Jenkins 3/24/95 firstname.lastname@example.org IRC-#blaklife, Igwegbe aka Damaja All props to my peoples down with the politics of revolution! _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)(_)
**************************************************************************** * DISCLAIMER AND NOTES * **************************************************************************** The thoughts and ideas found in this text, reflect my own and none others. I am not respondsible for any actions that may take place after reading this text in any manner. Ideas and thoughts presented in quotes, reflect those of the particular author. You are free to distribute this text to whomever you wish all that I ask is that the contents herein be left alone, as I spent a long time writing this. I do encourage you to forward this to as many people you know as possible. Well after getting several compliments on the first text I wrote, titled "Revolution" I decided to write another one. Unlike the first piece, this one will be written on a more intellectual level with factual references and less general opinions on my part. The goal is always to stimulate your own thoughts and feelings, and instrument them into your own beliefs. I am not writing this for any class or any organization. My writings are to enlighten others and in the process stimulate myself intellectually. Enjoy the text and as I mentioned before, any comments or responses can be mailed directly to me at email@example.com - I usually try to respond to every piece of mail sent to me, but if you dont get a reply send another message. Also if anyone is interested in writing a section that will be included in further texts, let me know. FAIR WARNING, THIS IS LOOOOONG! If you are in unix pine mail, type "e" to export this in your home directory as a file to read later. Or just save it to read later, OR :) you can read it all now - whatever floats your boat. This text is much longer than the first one I wrote, and hopefully significantly better and more organized. **************************************************************************** TABLE OF CONTENTS: I. Blacks and the Conspiracy of the United Snakes Government. II. Black Panther Party and Huey P. Newton III. Ultimate Rebellion! IV. Solutions for Black problems in 1995 and beyond. V. Conclusion, Suggested Readings, Sited Texts. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- PART ONE: Blacks and the Conspiracy of the U.S ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- "Law and order must prevail" has become the clich`e of the 1960's and the biggest lie, because the American black man has never known law and order except as an instrument of oppression; and it has prevailed upside his head at every available oppurtunity. It exists for that purpose. The law has been written by white men, for the protection of white men and their property, to be enforced by white men against blacks in particular and poor folks in general." -Julius Lester LOOK OUT, WHITEY! BLACK POWER's GON' GET YOUR MAMA! Julius Lester slammed that fact dead on the nails head. The United States government has spent much of it's time and our money, not addressing civil right issues or legislation, but using law and law enforcement against our people. Since the first slaves arrived in Jamestown the law on the books was and still is to this day, implemented to supress us. The constituition was not written with YOU and I in mind. The FBI and local law enforcement are the tools that the government uses to enforce their continued racism. I would first like to look into one of the biggest racist in our century, and how he implemented his racist tactics in building the supreme law enforcement organization - J Edgar Hoover and the FBI. "I told the Senator (Birch Bayh) that you have an intense demoralizing situation where they (blacks) cry 'police brutality' on the slightest provaction and the newspapers serve no useful purpose in printing the picture...of a Negro on the ground with the officers above...I stated that now they (the supreme court justices at that time) have gone into the field where police officers must address them in a courteous language, particulary in the case of Negroes as instead of saying, 'Boy, come here,' they want to be addressed as 'Mr.'" -Hoover on Miranda v. Arizona, 377 U.S 201 (1966). Well contrary to what he said, the FBI and Cops have always been standing over us. If the Rodney King incident had been taped and recorded in the 1960's it would have to compete with airtime for the hundreds of other police brutality incidents that occured. Hoover and his FBI agents were at almost EVERY civil rights demonstration. From the infamous "Bloody Sunday" in which Selma troops attacked marchers on the Pettus Bridge, to the freedom rides in Mississippi. They sat back and watched, took notes and pictures while Klansman and local pigs beat black and white protestors. Their movement however was not limited to just idle watching, but provoking and often involving themselves in these matters under Hoover's direct orders. The FBI and their interests in blacks have a long history, since it's creation (even before it became a federal law enforcement agency). They have always been interested in what we are thinking, how we feel, or what our mood is. It is naive to believe that these facts are not relevant to this day either. I wouldn't be surprised if they are reading this now and monitoring various internet news groups. Since the law passed which allowed people access to hidden FBI files, there are several interesting tidbits which can be found. The FBI monitored for years Black activists, some of which you have never heard of and some you have such as: James Baldwin, W.E.B Du Bois, Medgar Evers, Marcus Garvey, Fanny Lou Hammer, Martin Luther King Jr., Adam Clayton Powell Jr., A.Philip Randolph, Paul Robeson, Bayard Rustin, Roy Wilkins, ALL the Black Panther Leaders, and of course Malcom X. If you want to read the actual reports and memos the FBI wrote, check the end of this text for suggested readings. Now although it was techinically illegal for Hoover and his feds to randomly monitor and tap citizens, he created his own bogus reasons to do so. In almost every name I mentioned in the previous paragraph, he labeled all of these people as communists. By saying they were communists, he had as much space,money to carry out any surveilance and monitoring he needed in the name of "National Security." Now with the revolutionary climate in the 60s it is not to far fetched to believe that The United States government was in on the assassinations of John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King Jr., and Malcom X. Albeit, they may have not pulled the trigger but they were an instrumental force that allowed these things to happen since they did monitor them 24/7. Take into account the planned assassination of Fred Hampton, a Black Panther. The Black Panthers were targeted as a communist group and in general a internal militant organization that posed a threat to national security. Fred Hampton was shot dead in Chicago while sleeping (yeah he really posed a threat to national security didnt he?) during an FBI orchestrated raid carried out by local pigs. And low and behold, Hoover himself signed off a $300 bonus to the informant (house nigger sellout) who infiltrated the Black Panthers and assisted with the details of the raid. The COINTELPRO (counterintelligence program) did not begin or start with Hampton either, but wiped out most of the Black Panthers who were either killed in cold blood by cops and feds or framed for crimes they did not committ. Geronomo Pratt is a living example of this today. This brother is still in jail to this day in California, for a crime he did not committ. He was found gulity on armed robbery which resulted in the death of a white woman - and although he has an allibi which puts him in another city and witnesses to support this allibi he was found gulity and sentenced to life imprisionment. Hoover depended highly on a close relationship with local piggies in order to solve crimes, that had nothing to do with blacks. However he would not jeopordize these relationships by opening up police brutality cases or local police heads with close ties to white supremists organizations. In fact this bastard assisted these local pigs. For example the Freedom Rides that took place, in which blacks and whites rode through the deep south on Greyhound buses and Trailways. The local cops were tipped off by Federal Agents as to when these buses would be arriving. The local police chief, Bull Connor in turn informed his fellow Klan members of this time and gave them a 20 minute grace period to crack heads before the cops would arrive and break it up. Buses were ran off the roads by shotguns and molitov cocktails (homemade explosives), klan members then boarded the buses and pulled people off to an awaiting mob with chains, baseball bats, and lead pipes. While of course you know who, the FBI, stood on the sidelines taking notes and pictures and NOT protecting blacks being beaten to death. I'm sure you all remember the movie, "Mississippi Burning" and the glorious FBI came down to the South to fight and uphold justice. Well the events in that movie are false. The ONLY thing the FBI did was to put up a nice fat bounty to whoever could reveal where the bodies of the three young men were at, ultimately found under 30ft of Mississippi soil. The very informant that told them the location, was involved in the murders and collected the $30,000.00 reward for information leading to the discovery of the bodies. And Hoover, who sincerly believed that their deaths (along with the deaths of the four black girls who were killed in the Alabama church bombing) were done by Blacks in order to keep a "racial tense" environment going (how sick can you be to think this?) and or they had some kind of communist connection. And on these grounds he had Michael Schwerner's father telephone wiretaped. Regarding the death of a white woman who was a civil rights activist named Viola Liuzzo who was shot by klansmen, Hoover had this to say: " 'On the womans body,' he told the President, without any evidence whatsoever, 'We found needle marks indicating she had been taking dope.' He told Attorney General Katenbach that Liuzzo 'was sitting very, very close to the Negro in the car...[and] that it had the appearance of a necking party.' He told a group of newspaper editors from Liuzzo's home state that 'White citizens are primarily decent, but frightened for their lives' because 'the colored people are quite ignorant, mostly uneducated, and I doubt if they would seek an education if they had an oppurtunity. Many who have the right to register [to vote] seldom do register.'" -Black Americans, FBI Files. Well we all know why she was killed, however I am surprised that the brother in the car with her managed to get away without being killed as well. Hoover in his last days was still relentless in his efforts to dehumanize and destroy Black organizations. The Black Panthers as I mentioned earlier was a significant issue in the later years of his life, and became a focul point for FBI offices particularly in Chicago and Southern California. From 1967-1972, Black Panthers were targeted for the purposes of causing internal dissent and a general crack down on the leaders. On August 25, 1967 the FBI launched a formal COINTELPRO against what it called "black hate groups". "Twenty-three field offices participated initially, with the various special agents in charge required to assign 'experienced and immagitive' agents as 'counter-intelligence coordinators' and give them free reign to 'expose, disrupt, misdirect, or otherwise neutralize the activities of black nationalist, hate type organizations and groupings, their leadership, spokesmen, membership, and supporters." -BA,FBI FILES Now these so called "black hate groups" included almost every organization including the very mediocore NAACP, of which organization has white member- ships in it. Hoover also tried his best to show that Martin Luther King Jr., had close ties and members in his organization that were Communist. Other expanded COINTELPRO goals which are significant to mention is to "prevent the coalition of militant black nationalist groups." The FBI noted that this "might be the first step toward a real 'Mau mau' in America, the beginning of a true black revolution." They also did not want to see the rise of a black "messiah" that would unify Blacks under a nationalistic movement. During these years, the Black Panther Party was at war with another militant group led by Maulana Karenga - the group was called US (as opposed to "them" being the black panthers). There were several gun battles in which usually the Black Panthers were killed. Hoover and the FBI however were instrumental to many of these showdowns in the streets. Just as the United Snakes sent arms to Iraq and Iran at the same time, they steadily fed bull to each of these parties. They made up cartoons that showed US members killing Black Panthers and mailed them to Black Panther members. They posted the cartoons on telephone poles in many of the ghettos. They did the same to US members as well, by making cartoons of Panthers killing US members and mailing it to them. Other activities such as phone calls making death threats on each groups leaders were regular. These are examples that show how the FBI and government have never wanted us as a people unified, and have at all attempts seen that this does not happen. We cannot trust the government, including the FBI. Even to this day we still see their evil schemes - especially with the recent inditement of Malcom X's daughter Shabazz, on planning the assassination of Minister Louis Farrakhan. The person whom she allegedly contracted to do the killing is a white FBI informant. Now in all fairness, do you really think that the United States Government gives a rat's ass about whether or not there is a plot to kill Louis Farrakhan? I can guarentee you that the FBI is still monitoring Black Leadership and spokes people. With the Freedom of Information Act ammendmants added in 1974, we now have access to all the documents regarding the FBI and sections under "Racial Matters" which would fill a million volumes (thats a lot of information!). I am going to include a few of these memos for you to look at, however you can probably go to the library (a large one, not your school or local one) and find the entire volumes on particular blacks that were targeted. Noticed I said were, because we are not taking into consideration the ones that are being targeted today or that are still under investigation. Although these types of surveilences were ended after the death of Hoover, or so they claim, I seriously doubt that they do not monitor and keep track of Black Nationalist organizations to this day. The [Bureau Deletion] within are usually names that the FBI erased that we have no idea who the person or persons are. This is all authentic by the way, nothing is added or changed on my part, I do however make some comments which are in (). There are many many memos on each individual, I just picked certain ones to prove my arguement regarding communism and a general move to destabilize Black Leaders. Many of the files also contain biography information, synopsis of their writings, "shadowed" accounts of significant daily activities (shadowed is the detective term for following someone), and physical descriptions. I tried to use memos that reflect a broad sense of what they all are like. Using different types of memos, teletypes, and such to give you a broad idea of what they were writing. To say the least, they are very interesting because it gives us an insight to their motivations and actions. I would definitly suggest getting these accounts and reading them for yourself. The first line is what I added, that contains the name of the person in reference to and a brief sentence of who they are; as an educated African-American you SHOULD KNOW :) !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! * JAMES BALDWIN * Novelist,essayist, playwright. 1924-1987 MEMORANDUM TO: SAC, NY (100-16553) DATE: MAY 29,1963 FROM: [Bureau Deletion] SUPERVISOR, #12 SUBJECT: JAMES ARTHUR BALDWIN INFORMATION CONCERNING [Bureau Deletion] on 5/21/63 requested a check of the NYO indices and also established sources for any information, particularly of a derogatory nature, concerning captioned. Information had been developed by the Bureau that Baldwin is a homosexual, and on a recent occasion made derogatory remarks in reference to the Bureau. The indices of the NYO disclose two pertinent files identical to the captioned: 100-16552 and [Bureau Deletion]. [Bureau Deletion] James Baldwin was arrested on 9/3/94 for Disorderly Conduct, was arraigned before Judge Balsam and received a suspended sentence The Disorderly Conduct charge was for refusal to move on order of a policeman. At that time James Baldwin was described as a Negro, age 30, novelist, residence 63 West 97th Street... !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! * W.E.B Du Bois * NAACP founder, professor, novelist, activist (1868-1963) This case originated at: Atlanta, Georgia Report made at: Baltimore, Maryland Date when made: 2/13/43 Period for which made: 12/31/42; 1/29, 2/1/43 Report made by: [Bureau Deletion] Title: WILLIAM EDWARD BURGHARDT DU BOIS Character of case: Internal Security SYNOPSIS OF FACT: Neighborhood investigation revealed subject to be a great Negro educator, author,lecturer and publisher; very studious and not inclined to be a social mixer. Interview with active member and officer of Harvard Club of Md. revealed nothing of subversive nature. The following is a description of the subject as furnished by agent [Bureau Deletion]: Age: 70, but appears much younger Complexion: Medium Brown Weight: 155-165 lbs Height: 5'8 to 5'10 Hair: Grey mixed with black, curly Wears pointed goatee Eyes: Dark Brown Build: Stocky Accent: Precise and cultured [Bureau Deletion] has known subject personally for 6 of 8 years, and states that his loyalty is unquestionable and that he is a fine neighbor... Activities by FBI informants for the period of August to October 1950 follow: (Ok sorry its way too long to type out all of his activities, but they sure as hell dont lack details) !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! * MARCUS GARVEY * activist, founder Pan-African movement. (1887-1940) Report made at: Cleveland, Ohio Date when made: 5/2/23 Period for which made: 4/30/23 Report made by: R.C NOVARIO Title and character of case: MARCUS GARVEY, Negro Propagandist and Agitator FACTS DEVELOPED AT CLEVELAND,OHIO Acting under instructions from Agent in Charge J. V. Ryan, this Agent attended the meeting at 2226 East 55th St., Eagles Hall, and about 800 Negro men and women were present. Subject entered the hall about 8:30 pm escorted by a uniformed body of about twenty-five men, headed by an American flag and a red,black and green flag, followed by about twenty women dressed as nurses with green cross [sic] on white caps and about twenty women in white, composing a choir singing a church hymn. Subject was next introduced as Provisinal President of Africa.... ...Subject blamed Negroes for not using their brains; that 60 yrs ago a black man thought that all he had to do was obey the white man, but now the Negro represents a new school of thought, and history tells us that in the early ages the black man ruled the world, for in Egypt, Ethiopia, and Timbucktoo [sic], the black man was a master of arts and science and the white man lived as cannibals in caves... !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! * FANNY LOU HAMMER * SNCC Member, Activist (1917-1977) TELETYPE TO: DIRECTOR, FBI AND SAC, MEMPHIS/44-1063/ DATE: JUNE 11, 1963 FROM: SAC, ATLANTA /44-1452/ CHANGED, USNUBS FANNY LOU HAMMER, ET AL. DASH VICTIMS.CR TITLE MARCKED CHANGED TO SHOW THE CORRECT NAME OF HAMMER AS FURNISHED BY HER. TITLE FORMERLY CARRIEED AS FANNY HAMMER. RE ATLANTA TELEPHONE CALL TO MEMPHIS JUNE THIRTEEN, LAST. VICTIM HAMMER ARRESTED BY UNSUB BELIEVED TO BE A SHERIFF OR DEPUTY ON JUNE NINE, LAST, WINONA, MISSISSIPPI. BUS STATION. VICTIM DID NOT USE THE FACILITIES AT TERMINAL BUT WAS ARRESTED WHEN SHE INQUIRED ABOUT OTHER VICTIMS BEING ARRESTED. SHE WAS NOT FURNISHED THE NATURE OF THE CHARGES UNTIL HER APPEARENCE IN COURT. JUNE ELEVEN,LAST,WHEN SHE WAS CHARGED WITH IMMORAL CONDUCT AND RESISTING ARREST. SHE WAS RELEASED ON TWO HUNDRED DOLLARS BOND, JUNE TWELVE, LAST. VICTIM CLAIMS SHE DID NOT RESIST ARREST AT ANY TIME AND SHE WAS KICKED BY UNSUB SHERIFF OR DEPUTY WHEN ENTERING HIS CAR TO GO TO JAIL. AFTER BEING PLACED IN JAIL VICTIM WAS BEATEN BY TWO NEGRO MALE PRISONERS WITH BLACKJACK ON INSTRUCTION FROM UNSUB, MISSISSIPPI HIGHWAY PATROLMAN IN THE PRESENCE OF TWO OTHER WHITE MALES, ONE OF WHOM WAS SEEN LATER IN THE UNIFORM OF WINONA, MISSISSIPPI POLICE OFFICER. THE THIRD WHITE MALE IN THE CELL STRUCK VICTIM WITH HIS HAND IN ATTEMPT TO QUIET HER SCREAMING WHEN BEATEN BY THE PRISONERS. NO MEDICAL TREATMENT AFFORDED HER... !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! * MARTIN LUTHER KING JR * Need I say more? (1929-1968) April 20, 1962 Honorable P. Kenneth O'Donnell Special Assistant to the President The White House Washington, D.C. My Dear Mr. O'Donnell: On February 14, 1962, I furnished you with information concerning Martin Luther King, Jr. I thought you would be interested in additional information concerning the influence of Stanley David Levison, a secret member of the Communist party, on King. A confidential source who has furnished reliable information in the past advised on April 16, 1962, that he had learned that Levison is forming in King's name an organization to be known as the Gandhi Society for Human Rights. Levison contemplates sending invitations signed by King to approximatley twenty prominent people to attend a luncheon on May 17,1962, in Washington, D.C. A public announcement will be made at that time on the formation of the organization. The President and the Attorney General Willam P. Rogers may also be invited to the luncheon. The informant said that he is under the impression that Theodore Kheel, arbitrator for the New York City Transit Authority; Harry Belafonte, a well known singer; and A. Philip Randolph, prominent labor leader, are involved in the formation of the organization. This information is being furnished to the attorney general. THIS INFORMATION HAS BEEN CLASSIFIED "SECRET" BECAUSE OF THE SENSITIVE NATURE OF OUR SOURCES. Sincerly yours, J. EDGAR HOOVER !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! * PAUL ROBESON * Singer,Actor,Activist, (1898-1976) This case orginated at: New York City Report made at: New York City Date when made: 12/8/42 Period for which made: 11/17,18,19/42 Report made by: [Bureau Deletion] Title: PAUL ROBESON Character of case: Internal Security-C DETAILS: The investigation in this case is predicated upon the fact that it appears that Paul Robeson is a member of a number of communist front organizations... SAC, NEW YORK CITY J.EDGAR HOOVER-DIRECTOR, FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION Under date of November 28,1942, Confidential Informant [Bureau Deletion] of the Indianapolis Field Office furnished that Office with a report covering conversation he had with [Bureau Deletion] at that time. [Bureau Deletion] told the informant that he is himself an active Communist Party member and that he had joined the party after a professional tour in England. On this tour Robeson met a man by the name of Henry Pollet who was believed to have converted Robeson to the party. [Bureau Deletion] further claimed that upon Robeson's return to the United States he donated his entire earnings from this trip in the amount of $300,000.00 to the Communist Party... This Informant referred to above is a paid informant who is considered reliable by the Indianapolis Field Office. !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! * BAYARD RUSTIN * Organized March on Washington, VERY low key activist. (1910-1987) FBI AIRTEL TO: SAC, New York [Bureau Deletion] Date: Oct. 4, 1963 FROM: Director, FBI [Bureau Deletion] SUBJECT: COMMUNIST PARTY, USA NEGRO QUESTION COMMUNIST INFLUENCE IN RACIAL MATTERS [Bureau Deletion] [Bureau Deletion] As you are well aware it is our immediate respondsibility to not only take take every available measure in determining communist efforts to exploit the racial situation and the extent of the party's influence among the Negro people, but also to take necessary steps to neutralize and frustrate the party's endeavors. To ensure that we are making [every] effort to meet these respondsibilities, the Buereau is currently considering the possibility of installing techinal-type coverage on the activities of Bayard Rustin... Bayard Rustin resides at Apt 9j, 340 West 28th Street, New York, New York. Rustin, who was the Deputy Director of the Aug. 28, 1963, March on Washington continues to participate in the current Negro struggle for civil rights. According to a confidential source who has furnished reliable information in the past, [Bureau Deletion] also commented recently, [Bureau Deletion] that the Negroes are now willing to know what the Communist Party has to say and to welcome whatever support the communists can give...In order to obtain further information concerning the plans of the CPUSA relatating to influence in racial matters, it is requested that authority be granted to place a techinal surveillance on the residence of Bayard Rustin or on any future residence to which he moves... !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! * Malcom X * You betta ask somebody :) (1925-1965) A footnote before I enter in some of the memos regarding Malcom X. Malcom was never more than the FBI's secondary target, their first target in their investigations and surveilance was Elijah Muhammed. However the FBI egged on the seperation of Malcom from the Nation of Islam, which resulted in the assassination of Malcom. The FBI has blood on its hands not because they pulled the trigger, but because they pushed on knowing that Malcom's murder was coming and that they knew the tactics of Black Muslims in America and that they would do anything to protect the name of the self-proclaimed prophet sent by Allah, Elijah Muhammed. --------- MUSLIM CULT OF ISLAM [Bureau Deletion] the Muslim Cult of Islam, which is also known as the Allah Temple of Islam, is a religious cult whose members regard Allah as their supreme being and claim to be the direct descendants of the original race on earth. The members fanatically follow the teachings of Allah as interpreted by Elijah Muhammad, the "true prophet of Allah" entitled titular head of the Muslim Cult of Islam in the United States, and believe that any civil law [that] conflicts with the Muslim law should be disobeyed. The members disavow their alliegence to the United States and pledge their allegiance only to Allah and do not consider it their duty to register for Selective Service or to serve in the United States Armed Forces as they cannot serve two masters. According to the teachings of Elijah Muhammad and the cult's ministers, the members of a minority race in the United States are not citizens of this country but merely slaves of this country and will continue to be slaves until they free themselves by destroying non-Muslims and Christianity in the "War of Armaggeddon." [Bureau Deletion] Muslims known to him either shave their hair or wear goatees. According to records [Bureau Deletion] the Subject wears chin whiskers. ------------ DESCRIPTION The following description of the Subject was obtained from the records [Bureau Deletion] NAME: Malcom K. Little, was Malachi [sic] Shabazz; "Rhythm Red"; "Detroit Red"; Jack Carlton; DOB: May 19,1925 Omaha, Nebraska RACE: Negro-mulatto SEX: Male Residence: 4336 Williams Street, Inkster, Michigan Height: 6' 3 1/2" Weight: 180lbs Build: Slender Hair: Black Eyes: Brown Complexion: Light Scars & Marks: 1" scar from right eye to nose; 1/2 scar below left elbow. Peculiarities: Confirmed user of marijuana; wears chin whiskers and mustache Employment: Cut Rate Department Store 8940 Oakland Avenue Inkster, Michigan (Presently unemployed) Maritial Staus: Single Nationaity: American FBI No. 4282299 Social Security#: 376-16-3427 Report Made by: SA [Bureau Deletion] Title: Malcom K Little, was Brother Malcom X Character of case: Security matter-MCI --------- SYNOPSIS OF FACTS: [Bureau Deletion] subject attended meetings of the MCI, Temple No. 7 NYC, during January, 1954. [Bureau Deletion] subject was a tour leader for the NYC Temple No.7 at the Chicago Convention of the Cult in February, 1954. [Bureau Deletion] subject was in attendance at Temple No.7 and was enthusiastically going over the teachings of the cult. [Bureau Deletion] the subject has openly spoken against the "white devils" and has encouraged greater hatred on the part of cult toward the white race. --------- MISCELLANEOUS: Allegeed Threat against Subjects Life The March 21, 1964 edition of the New York Amsterdam News contained an article on page 50 [that] reflected that subject claimed that officials at NOI Mosque No.7 had tried to persuade NOI members that he was insane after his suspension in December, 1963. After these NOI officials believed they had turned enough NOI members against him, subject alleged that they sent a brother out to kill him in cold blood during Feb.,1964, but because truth was stronger than falsehood the brother did not believe the charge and instead of killing him told him of the plot and of the actions of NOI officials. Subject claimed that when he demanded an opportunity to refute these charges before NOI Mosque No.7 his request was refused. [Bureau Deletion] had no information to indicate that an attempt was ever made or contemplated against the life of subject by members of the NOI, and that subject had never made such a complaint [Bureau Deletion]. ----------- Efforts by NOI to evict Subject from Residence [Bureau Deletion] advised that after Elijah Muhammad learned subject had broken with NOI on March 8, 1964, he instructed [Bureau Deletion] to tell subject that he must give up his residence, which is owned by NOI. [Bureau Deletion] advised that [Bureau Deletion] sent the following letter under date of March 10, 1964 to subject: Dear Brother Malcom, You have several items such as letters, Mosque Film, Negro documents, etc. relative to the Muslims and their affairs...[T]he laborers and believers herby request your cooperation in turning these items over to Muhammad's Mosque No.7 immediatly. Also you are residing in a building which was purposed by Muhammad's Mosque No.7 for the use by a laborer as designated by the leader and teacher, the honorable Elijah Muhammad, who may serve in ministerial capacity or whatever position he places them. As you no longer hold this position we the laborers and believers request that you vacate the premises located at 23-11 97th Street, East Elmhurst 69, New York, upon receiving this letter. Upon a call to Captain Joseph arrangements can be made to have personal items belonging to the Nation of Islam picked up. This letter will also serve notice your car insurance is in Muhammed's Mosque No.7 We are requesting that you discontinue using the name of Muhammad's Mosque or the Nation of Islam for your personal effects...If you continue to use the Nation's name on your car then the Mosque will have to take possession of the car, which we do not want to do because this car is your personal property...This letter also serves notice that Muhammed's Mosque No.7 will discontinue handling expenses on utilities at said 23-11 97th Street. -------- FBI Reporting office: New York Office of Origin: New York Date: 1/20/65 Investigative Period: 12/1/64 - 1/15/65 Report made by: [Bureau Deletion] Title of Case: CHANGED MALCOM K. LITTLE aka M. Khalil Character of Case: IS-MMI The title of this case is marked "Changed" to add the alias of M.Khalil used by subject when he registered at the Hilton Hotel, NYC, on 1/2/65. -------------- Foreign Travel of Malcom X To Africa, April 13,1964 through May 21,1964 On May 21, 1964, Supervisor John Adams, Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), JFK airport New York, advised that Malcom X Little, Passport Number C294275m, using the name Malik Elshabazz arrived in the United States at 4:25 pm., aboard Pan American Flight 115 from Paris, France. On July 13, 1964, [BUREAU DELETION] furnished an itineray [for] Malcom X during his trip to Africa which indicated the following schedule: April 13, 1964 He departed the U.S for Cairo, Egypt April 14 to in Cairo, United Arab Republic, Beirut,Lebanon May 5, 1964 and Saudi Arabia, where he completed pilgrimage to Mecca. May 6, 1964 In Lagos, Nigeria May 8, 1964 Ibadan, Nigeria May 10, 1964 In Accra, Ghana May 18, 1964 Morocco. May 19, 1964 In Algiers May 21, 1964 Returned to the United States. (the details of each account are also noted, but are too lengthy to address now but believe me they are well worth reading on your own). ----------------------- The rest of the FBI memos and notes found in their files, regard the assassination of Malcom. I am almost certain that whatever surveilance leading up to his murder have been destroyed. Nontheless, in regards to Malcom, the FBI files are interesting to say the least as a way of probing into the people arrested and convicted for his murder. And I would suggest that if you are interested in these files, to check them out for yourself as it is too lengthy to type into this text file. Also they have information about meetings that top NOI ministers including Malcom X that met with KKK and Neo-Nazi members regarding the Klan selling large amounts of land in North Carolina for the black seperationists. And furthermore both parties agreement that the Jew is behind the integration movement using the negro as a tool. These accounts are worth reading because I do not think that they are far from the truth, considering that the KKK and NOI are both seperationist groups. !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Well it is quite evident that the FBI regularly monitored activities by Black leaders, writers, musicians etc. In many of the memos where it is alleged that the person had communist party connections (in most of these cases such as Robeson, were considered believers in the ideas presented by Communist but not necessarily Communist) the accusations of which are made by paid informants who are often always mentioned in the files as "reliable informant". Well an informant gets paid to report back to the FBI when it comes down to it, it's his word against someone else. And since the informant's identity is never revealed who is to say that these "informants" really even existed? It is conceivable to believe that Hoover and his FBI agents could have made up these informants in order to use government funding to monitor whoever they wanted. All the had to do was send Hoover a memo stating that such and such person is believed to be a communist and we believe that our dossier is reliable. This whole idea is like asking a fox to guard the chicken coup. They intercepted mail, read it and passed it along (ie: the letter from NOI to Malcom) They followed people and accounted for their daily routines and schedules (ie:Du Bois, Malcom). They wiretapped their houses and phones (almost all of the above I mentioned). Does this sound like activity for a country that says it is for and by the people? What ultimatly can be gained from knowing these facts, is that racism in an integral part of American government and society. And that this govern- ment has organizations such as the FBI,NSA,CIA that in all respects are above the law. And any idea, action, words, that go against America's racist doctrines are immediately "neutralized" by these racist organizations that represent a racist and oppressive government. America has planted the seeds of racism and white supremacy, and it has grown into a tall tree. And no matter how many limbs you cut off, the tree will replace those limbs. If you want to destroy the tree, you must sever it at its base and uproot it by force! ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- PART TWO: BLACK PANTHER PARTY, AND HUEY P. NEWTON ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Well since my last text file, many of my fellow brothers and sisters have asked about the Black Panthers. Who they were, What did they do, and there were several discussions regarding the Black Panther Party on the #blaklife mailing list as well as the irc channels. I will attempt to outline some of the more prominent known members of the Black Panthers, their encounters with law enforcement, their affect on the Black community in the United States, and of course their beliefs and theories. First of all I would like to make it clear that Black Power, in my humble opinion, is in NO WAY comparable to White Power or White Supremacy. Which is often the con arguement used against organizations such as the Black Panthers. These organizations grew out of an oppressive society and a reaction against crimes that are committed against blacks, where as white supremist organization exist and born out of pure racial hatred and the continual supression on people of color in this country. Agreed that both share some of the same basic ideologies such as self-autonomy, and Nationalism comparing the two on the same scale is fruitless and merits very little in comparison in my opinion. The founder of the Black Panther Party was Huey P. Newton (1942-1989). He founded the party in Oakland, California which was one of the focul points for the movement. Although the Panther Party spread to many of the major cities in the U.S that had large amounts of Blacks such as Chicago and Detroit, Oakland and California was where their movement was born. While in college (Merritt College in Oakland) Huey met Bobby Seale (1937- ) and they both organized and officially founded the Black Panther party in 1966. Other prominent Panthers that joined the party were Eldridge Cleaver, Boby Seale's brother Cleveland Seale, Fred Hampton, Mark Clark, Bobby Hutton, and Geronomo Pratt just to name a handful of the leaders associated with the Black Panther party. Although the exact numbers of Black Panthers are not known, atleast by my own findings, it can be estimated that they had several thousand Party members across the United States. The party which had much of its grass roots foundation in Marxism and the beliefs of Mao Tse-Tung were indeed viewed by the government as a threat. Under this threat, the government with the help of local law enforcement saw fit to quickly subdue and eliminate the roots of the Black Panther movement. To understand the basis of what the Black Panthers believed in, one must examine the basic foundations that Lenin in the Soviet Union, Mao-Tse Tung in China, and Amilcar Cabral in Africa believed. Their theories are basically what Newton followed by in forming the Black Panther Party. What Newton wanted to do, was to place the black agenda in a greater context that correlates with the twentieth century leftist thought. Whereas Martin Luther King believed that freedom arrived from morality practiced in the eyes of God, Newton believed that freedom was fighting for the interests of the majority of the people in the ultimate goal of freedom. No true revolution has never been non-violent, if you look at the Soviet Revolution in 1917 for example. True Communism would be the ideal system to live under in a Utopian society, however since there is not such a society and with the large drop off of Communism, it is purely idealistic in my opinion to think that such a revolution based on Marxist teachings could ever take place in the United States. Furthermore, Marxist do not believe in any form of religion. To quote Newton, "When people achieve perfect knowledge, they will have attained heaven." Newton's philosophy on religion is also unappealing to the masses of blacks, which is another unrealistic aspect in the Black Panther Party. I bring this out because it is worth mentioning and I don't want to come off as just being pro-Black Panther, but also share with you all aspects of their ideologies. Also you are truely a fool if you believe in 100% of the ideas of any organization without knowing all the facts first. There were various stages that the Black Panther Party went through in its ideologies. Ultimatley it came to rest on Internationalism. Ideas of which were developed by Marcus Garvey and later on by Malcom X. The United States government was very much aware and concerned with Malcom contacting the heads of states of various African and Middle East countries in bringing formal charges to the United Nations on the treatment of blacks. This of course never happened because he was assassinated. But imagine if it did happen, how would America look in front of the world along with all of its European allies condeming Angolia and South Africa for racism, when in fact America stood on hyprocritical ground. Newton took this further to state that the black american issue could not be addressed without looking at the sufferings of blacks all over the world. Furthermore that the success of the black revolution in America could only take place with the support and unification of blacks throughout the world. The three major tactics used by the Black Panther Party were (1) Their participation in electorial politics. (2) Their refusal to rule out the use of violence as a tool of liberation. (3) Their advocacy of black-white alliances. To begin with the last one, because you probably are confused a little because why would a Black Nationalistic Organization want any kind of alliance with the enemy - whitey. First we have to look at the time in which the Black Panther party was at its height, the late 60s. During this time there were large amounts of white protestors who spoke out against the government for the Vietnam War and Dominican Republic. Newton felt that they were sincere in their disgust for the United States, and believed that it would be beneficial to form alliances with these whites who would rather side against the government than with it. However when posed with the question of how can a pro-black organization accept these alliances, Newton falls back to the teachings of Malcom X. That there can be no black-white unity until there is first black unity. And that the black revolutinaries will accept aide from white radicals, as long as those radicals understand that the blacks have a mind of our own, something that Eldrige Cleaver addresses in his book Soul On Ice. Furthermore controlling the media, voting, transportation (all of which are the basics of a communist revolution), the use of violence, and black-white radical unity were some of the keys to a successful revolution in America. The second tactic of violence, is more or less what I mentioned earlier. That there is no revolution free of bloodshed, and ultimately the black man and black woman will have to arm themselves and fight for equality. The chant that they used, and also the children who were trained for the next generation of panthers sang, "Revolution has come...time to pick up the guns." Since many Panthers ran for office throughout the years Newton believed that through voting, the revolutionary movement could be elevated to that level in which people are elected that share the same concerns and beliefs. In reference to voting the Black Panthers and all of the Black Nationalist groups believe that there should exist a seperate political party that represent blacks. In using this comparison today, it would truely shake up the balance that the Democrats and Republicans have today - of which both parties often target minorities for votes and support. At the same time, neither party has ever voiced any sincere concern to address black issues in this country. Another point to mention about the Black Panthers is the Black Panther Manifesto. Which was also called the "Ten-Point" system, and detailed a list of demands that the Black Panther Party wanted. Some of the demands are somewhat irrational in my opinion, but I will present them to you. They are all paraphrased, since I read it about 4 yrs ago and have since misplaced my photocopy. Here are the ones I remember off hand (although I should have went to the library and got the precise Manifesto for you) (1) All Black Jurors when Blacks are tried in court. (2) All Blacks freed from prison because they are political prisnors. (3) Local cops in all Black neighborhoods are to be removed and replaced with Black Panther members who will be the protection. (this of course is in response to the overwhelming police brutality in all the major cities) (4) Jobs for all Black people, and land. (based on the 40 acres and a mule concept) (5) Freedom and Power to determine our destiny. (6) All Blacks exempt from military service including the draft. What made the Black Panthers so threatning to the government was the fact that they believed, along with the ideas of Lenin, that revolutionary groups should not operate underground or in secrecy. But be visable to the eye of the people and make themselves known. The Panthers were also very successful in opening up food kitchens and feeding the poor in mass numbers. To my knowledge, I do not know how strong the Black Panther Party is today, albeit they are not as powerful today as they were during the height of the party the late 1960s. The Black Panthers were necessary to provide that balance within the Black community. Just as W.E.B DuBois and Marcus Garvey differed, and sometimes with harsh words (Garvey called DuBois a "white nigger") it was important because it showed that we as a people are diverse and individuals. Although the rhetoric was to a lesser degree with Malcom and Martin, they too can be seen as men of diversity with a common goal. The Black Panther Party in my opinion was the first attempt of blacks at an armed insurection against the United States Government. There were of course several other black militant organizations, however they were not as successful in the recruiting of large numbers of members. The government and FBI was successs- ful nontheless in creating dissention within the party by planting informants that set up other Black Panthers. The government also saw fit to killing off or imprisoning the founders and leaders to cause confusion and ultimately shake the Party up. Almost in ever case, it was outright murder or false charges brought against the leaders. If you pose a threat to the government and even if you operate within the laws of the country, you are not free from political persecution. This is basically a brief summary of who the Black Panthers were, and the philosophies of Huey P Newton the founder of the Party as well. Since this whole text is not just about the Black Panthers, I kept the details to a minimum. However check your main library where you live for various books that I will have as suggested texts at the end of this text. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- PART THREE: ULTIMATE REBELLION! ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Frederick Douglas wrote, "If there is no struggle, there is no progress." What he really meant was, that as long as we as black people in America do not continue the fight for ultimate freedom that was planted by Douglas and blacks before him we will never get anywhere. If you are happy and content as a black man or black woman in this country, just go ahead and stop reading the rest of this text right now. If you are dissatisfied, then follow along with me. As long as we appear to facilitate an aura of happiness, the United States Government and the majority of white people in this country are happy as well. What really burns me up, is that the white man "gave" (I use this word sparingly because they have never given us jack except problems) us a few civil liberties, and many of us have gobbled it up with a smile. If you starve someone long enough, they will snatch up and even fight for whatever scraps are handed down. Oh yes, fight for those little scraps amoungst themselves indeed! But what really burns me up is the number of blacks who realize that while they are eating crumbs, they could be eating the pie. But if attaining that pie means giving up ones little crumbs or morsels they fall back on the easy way out - Passive Acceptance. And passive acceptance leds to people who do not care about their situations or what is done to them, as long as they are getting enough crumbs to make them happy. They see to it that we have just enough to make us happy, and do not raise the ante until a large number of disatisfied blacks raise the stakes. Look at it in a brief historical context. First they freed the slaves with laws that existed on the paper but with no physical enforcement of those laws. Well the first thing ex-slaves believed that, Hey we are free and we can do anything that the white man can do. Wrong! They then came up with Jim Crow laws which regulated exactly what type of freedoms we had, but made it clear that we did not share the same fruits of freedom that they had. Well after those laws were broken down, they came up with the plan of seperate but equal education. This of course did not exsist, and although the Board vs Brown decision overturned this law, we still do not have equal education and it is still seperated. Predominantly black neighborhoods do not receive the same amount of funds for education that white neighborhoods receive. As it was back in the day, it is still prevelant in 1995. They have better books, more extra-curicular activities, a better environment that is conducive to learning. What do we get, scraps. For those of thus that do have the oppurtunity to attend private schools they try to seperate us from our people by conditioning us to be them. To think like them, and most importantly to condition us to react like them. Carter Woodson said that once you control a people's thinking, you dont have to worry about their actions. We as a people need to reach back to our African roots, and re-develop a sense of community. A community that is led by a council of wise elders, whose main interests lay with that of the community and not self. And to help those in that community that have strayed off the path of righteousness. Many of us, not all, once succeeded have forgotten about the community. This whole ideal of self, is purely a Western concept built on greed and American capitalism. We as a people have been conditioned by America, to accept what she tells us as truth. And our progress, as valiant as it may be, have been in the face of oppression and lies. This progress has been very slow in my opinion, when America has the tools, money, and power to correct many of these situations. But she has not made it "policy" to do so. In fact, this country has made it policy not to address the needs and sufferings of all her people - and the people historically who have been at the bottom of this scale have been us. Now we as a people in this country have not always adhered to the policy of passive acceptance, I think this is somewhat of a modern phenomenon. From the slave revolts led by Prosser, Andry, Vesey, and Turner proved to the United Snakes that blacks were not happy as slaves, although they tried their damnist to believe otherwise. The results of these insurections led to provisions in the constitution granting southern states federal military assistance to quell any revolts or rebellions. During most periods in our recent history 1900-1995 there have been riots and revolts that have ravaged every major city (and even smaller ones) in this country. The L.A riots being the most recent. The L.A riots in my opinion was not just about the aquital of the pigs who beat Rodney King, but it was a general outbreak of anger at the system. But what immediatly set the fire off was the racial crimes, and police brutality inflicted on us. Of course Bush addressed the nation after the first two days of rioting, and announced that he would send in troops that by the way was comprised of the same forces used to quell internal riots during the 60s (those being marshells,fbi,fire&tobacco,etc). "So long as the government possesses a virtual monopoly of military power and is unencumbered by widespread internal disorder, such as that which occurred during the Civil War, white Americans apparently see no need to deal seriously with the factors that cause black rebellions. Surely, the lack of motivation that afflicts many people of all races also affects some African-Americans, but oppurtunity as well as motivation are required to achieve upward mobility. Rebellions and protests will continue to occur because of the continued racial and economic inequity, unfair administration of justice, and our failure to use the Constitution to effect needed social, economic, and political reforms." - Black Resistance, White Law. There are several ways to rebel, which I will explain in the next section under Black Nationalism. Whether you fall in the most passive to the most radical, you can decide for youself. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- PART FOUR: SOLUTIONS THROUGH BLACK NATIONALISM ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- It would be very idealist if I were to say, yes I have all the solutions to the problems that African-Americans face today. If I did, I would only be kidding myself, and all of you that are reading this. However I would like to explore one solution, that I believe can help us get to where we want to go. Black Nationalism, Black Power, as a means of uplifting our community and solving many of our problems. Black Nationalism is hard to define, as to what it is and who fall into the various categories of Black Nationalism. Every one of us, no matter how radical our ideas are, are Black Nationalist. The first thing I would like to do is to define what Black Power is though. Black Power was first really recognized in the 60s, and it was immediatly identified with violence - thus many whites, and blacks missed the point and dismissed Black Power. Black Power can effectivly be defined as a movement to uplift Black people as Newton put it, "from the yoke of white colonolism". This is where it begins, by identifying with Afrocentricity. Taking care of ourselves as a people before anything else. The major concepts of Black nationalism can be broken down into these categories. I feel that every black person in this country is a black nationalist, the degrees vary as to which philosophies you fall in. 1) Political Bargainer. 2) Moral Crusader. 3) Alienated Reformer. 4) Alienated Revolutionary. The first concept "political bargainer" is basically the assumption that all of our problems can be solved through working within the context of the system. The political bargainer concept can be traced back to one uncle tom ex-slave named Booker T Washington. Who believed that blacks should "forgive their slave masters" and beg them for help, to slowly uplift the black community through the white political process. In this respect, blacks could work within the two party system for rights and oppurtunities to produce goods and services. Current examples of those blacks that fall into this category are Shirley Chisholm, and the Black Congressional Congress - which brings to mind that song, what have you done for me lately heh. And this category is definitly non-violent. The second concept is the "Moral Crusader". Moral Crusaders are not interested with producing goods and services, but their beliefs rest in saving the soul of society. They are nonviolent, and believe in making deals with the status-quo and a great willingness to compromise. The majority of those that fall into the category of moral crusaders are religous leaders such as Jesse Jackson and Martin Luther King., Jr. I start with the assumption that whites are not willing to save their souls and make it policy to effectivly address black issues. So those who fall in this category are no better than the political bargainers. Both categories which can probably be construed into one, is what most blacks, and whites associate themselves with - working with an illigetimate goat for solutions that are slow, and provide a false ideology of true freedom. I reject the idea that we need to work within the "system" to effect change. The "majority rules" concept has never and will never apply to us, because the democratic view of majority rules have no interests in us. The majority is not always right, and I would rather stand up and die like a man fighting the majority, than succomb to them on my knees. The third category, which I find myself in, is the alienated reformer. Alienated reformers, are cynical about the possibilities of effecting change through the existing system. Alienated reformers supports the concept of Black control of Black communities based on the idea of a revitalized black community. Alienated reformers however are interested in "bread and butter" issues like the political bargainer, however reject all white values and rests on the pride of Black/African culture worldwide. The politics of alienated reformers are based in the belief that many solutions to our problems can only be effectivly gained by working outside the context of the system. People who fall into this category are Heuy Newton later in his life and possibly Malcom X after his departure from the Nation of Islam. The last category, which can be described as the most radical of the four, is the Alienated Revolutionary. They are very much the same as the reformers except they believe that progressive change can only be achieved through calculated acts of instrumental violence. I believe that most blacks who fall into this category started out in previous ones, but due to certain events and traumatic experiences in their lives push them to these beliefs. Most Black Power advocates who fall in this category, also believe in the concept of a totally seperate black nation within Amerika. There are contradictions I might add to people who fall in these categories, because the Black Panthers who believe that violence is necessary at certain points do not believe in a seperate nation for blacks. Other groups such as the RNA (republic of new africa) believe that no solutions can be found within the context of the system, and that blacks should have their own seperate nation within the U.S. Farrakhan and Nation of Islam believers fall into this category as well, in regards to a seperate nation, however they do not believe in violence. Other blacks that fall in this category are Imamu Baraka and Imari Obadele I. You can see that just defining Black Nationalism is a task in itself, because not all of us can particulary say we totally dismiss one concept and embrace another. Although I personally consider myself an alienated revolutionary, I do not dismiss the fact that violence is necessary. America is basically made up of several ethnic groups competing for power. If you look at Jews and Asians for example, their success in America has come by way of strong ethnocentricty. The problem with us today is because our success has come by way of individualism, and less emphasis on community. As I said before, we need to go back to our roots where community was the priority and selfish views were frowned upon and not accepted. So yes we have gained some power, but it is in small numbers and very minimal when you look at the situation of the entire community. This is not the case when you look at these other ethnic groups that have achieved mass success. We must not apologize for the existence of group power, for we have been oppressed as a group, and not as individuals. But we have our own number of how should I put it, sellouts, and crackers who are against any collective black power in America. As Huey Newton put it, there can never be Black and White Unity unless there is Black Unity. In conclusion, I see Black Nationalism (Black Power) as our only viable solution to directly deal with the problems we have today. When we wake up and realize that it is only through collective power within ourselves as a community then our actions and outcome will reflect that. Some people say we don't have the power to achieve this on our own, and I dissagree whole heartedly. As long as we keep listening to these white words issuing from a black face we will never get anywhere. What we can and should do however, is use the resources in America to get where we need to go. This should not mean however, disregarding the community and giving up our Afrocentric roots in doing this. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ PART FIVE: SITED TEXTS, AND SUGGESTED READINGS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Here is a list of various texts in my own library that I have read and consulted in writing this text. I would suggest going to the library and checking some of these out, or buying it from your local black bookstore :) The ones with * are my particular favorites that I have read more than once heh. Black Power Ideologies - John McCartney The African Origin of Civilization - Cheikh Anta Diop Black Americans and the FBI files - Kenneth O'Reilly Black Resistance/White Law - Mary Frances Berry * Soul On Ice - Elridge Cleaver * Malcom X on Afro-American History - Malcom X * Long Memory: Black Experience in America - John Blassingame, Berry The Myth of Black Progress - Stanley Elkins What They Never Told you In History - Khamit Kush * To Die for the People - Huey P. Newton Black Panther Party, hearing - 91st Congress This Side of Glory - David Hilliard Look out Whitey! - Julius Lester Thats about it for this edition of Revolution, I hope you enjoyed it as much as I did writing it, and instead of just deleting it - forward to a fellow sister or brother that you know, or print it out and pass it along. Peace Jay Jenkins aka Igwegbe/Damaja firstname.lastname@example.org(NOTE from the editor: For those of you who read this magazine the first day it came out, this article may appear different. This is the completed version of "Revolution Part 2" that I had originally planned to put in the next issue of #Blaklife magazine. The author had requested that I replace the older version with this one, and so I did.)
If you are interested in writing an article for the next issue, then click here.
Thanks for reading this first issue of #blaklife magazine, and I'll see you on IRC sometime. d;-)